Royal Air Pros uses the latest technology to test for potential air contaminants. This system can pinpoint key air quality issues within your home that can affect your family’s health, comfort and safety. To perform the analysis, we’ll bring an IAQ monitor and perform a “spot” check, which is a 30 minute air test. If you’re interested in seeing “trends”, we can set-up an IAQ monitor for a multi-day trend analysis report. Typically, it will run for between 3 days to 5 days and will continuously measure the air under real living conditions. The monitor is virtually silent and won’t cause any interruptions to your daily lifestyle. After the test, we will send you a comprehensive report which enables you to see your home’s daily air quality, potential areas of concern, and possible solutions.

Carbon Monoxide (CO)

Carbon monoxide is also a colorless and odorless gas which can kill and is very preventable. CO over-exposure (poisoning) has the highest mortality rate among those who have been exposed to high levels of CO.

Risks of poisoning are highest when burning fossil fuels to close to occupied areas or under roofs which are attached. These fuels can include:

A. Coal
B. Oil
C. Natural gas
D. Gasoline
E. Kerosine
F. Wood, too close to occupied areas under roofs which are attached.

Carbon Dioxide

Occupants in your home may experience health effects in when the CO2  level is elevated,. The symptoms are often times due to the other contaminants within the homes’ air that can build up as a result of insufficient ventilation. At high levels, CO2 itself can cause: 

  • headache
  • dizziness
  • nausea
  • other potential symptoms

Particulate Matter

mVOC’s – Microbial Volatile Organic Compounds – Long term health effects of inhaling mVOC’s are still being tested, however, the symptoms are evident to cause discomfort. These symptoms can include

  • Nasal Irritation
  • Dizziness
  • Sneezing
  • Coughing
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Sore / Burning Eyes
  • Sore Throat
  • Bloody Noses
  • Headaches
  • Respiratory Issues

The musty odor you smell is decay off-gassing from biological growth which includes molds, bacteria and biofilm.  Furthermore, these odors contain microbial volatile organic compounds (mVOCs). People may compare this odor to a dank locker room, old cheese, dirty socks, or wet dog. Many of my clients may experience immediate and longer-term health effects from mVOC exposure.

The dank musty odor signifies the presence of microbial volatile organic compounds that off-gas while reproducing. Traditional volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are mainly industrial made chemicals with low molecular weights, high vapor pressure and low water solubility. Additionally, mVOCs are released from metabolic processes of decay agents like fungi, bacteria and biofilm. The off gassing of mVOCs include a wide range of alcohols, ketones, aldehyde, esters, carboxylic acids, lactones, terpenes, aromatic hydrocarbons, sulfur and nitrogen compounds.

mVOCs produced during primary fungal metabolism include Ethanol, 1-octen-3-ol, 2-octen-1-ol, and benzyl cyanide. MVOCs produced during secondary metabolism include 2-methyl-isoborneol, geosmin (1-10-dimethyl-trans-9-decalol) and terpenes.

Recommendations To Reduce mVOC Exposure:

Prudent and preventative measures should be taken to eliminate or reduce musty odors. These measures include but are not limited to:

  • Professional HVAC system and air duct cleaning
  • Disengage any built-in humidification devices within the HVAC system.
  • Control humidity below 45% year round
  • Replace the carpeting with wood floors, tile or a more synthetic floor system.
  • Remove water damaged building materials
  • Improve airflow in the home or building by encouraging fresh air with windows open or with an air recovery system (HRV/ERV)
  • Running a medical grade air purifier with activated carbon (at least 6lbs).


With regard to temperature and IAQ, higher temperatures are preferred by bacteria and viruses, and thus a higher pathogen count is found in spaces that are warmer. Furthermore, higher temps speed up chemical reactions, leading to higher production levels of ozone and other hazardous compounds

Relative Humidity

The humidity inside your home can affect the concentrations of some indoor air pollutants. For example, high humidity, keeping the air moist will increase the likelihood of mold growth and potential sporulation. (process where mold attempts to waft to other areas in the house with an intent to grow elsewhere

Air Quality is Important to Your Health

Call us or email us

 Our inspectors have the highest credentials in the indoor air quality space being licensed in NY state. Additionally, we do indoor air quality testing to ensure that your family isn’t breathing air which could potentially cause discomfort or illness. 

516-986-8368 |